The listing of the Rusty Patched Bumblebee, (Bombus affinus), on the Endangered Species Act hit me as a surprise. It made me begin to think about bee habitat and how little the public knows about
how to help this species. This bumblebee, along with many other pollinators, needs cover for protection throughout the year, but especially in the winter time when nests are needed for overwintering. The Rusty Patch munches primarily on flowers from trees, shrubs, and forbs. With all these requirements, bees and other pollinators have it pretty tough because of the long-standing obsession for pristine lawns so popular in this nation. Flowers and places of cover are not what most lawns provide, as they are consistently weeded, mowed and raked. The more people I talked to about this issue, the more I felt the need to speak out against “perfect” lawns and the importance of integrating native flora on your land for our native fauna!
Native plants are a resource for wildlife that is dwindling due to urban sprawl. According to the Audubon Society, the United States has lost about 150 million acres of habitat to urbanization. This does not leave a lot of natural areas for native wildlife to thrive in. A big portion of this decrease in habitat is attributed to the American obsession over lawns. Our lawns, filled with non-native grasses that we water, mow, clean-up, and rake leaves off, of do not provide functioning ecosystems for our animal neighbors. The remaining natural areas are not enough to support all the pollinators, birds, and others that make the outdoors what it is. An alternative to full lawns is the addition of planting meadow plants or native grasses.
Native trees are also treasures that are not receiving the credit that they deserve. Ornamental trees are very popular in landscaping, but are not good host plants. The Audubon Society, quoting research by Doug Tallamy, states that a native oak tree can support over 500 caterpillar species whereas Ginkgo, for example, only hosts 5 species of caterpillars.
The push for native plants is an action that needs to be accepted by nurseries and greenhouses far and wide. However, it is also important for you, as individuals with knowledge about the subject, to share your information and passion of native plants to anyone you can! Here are some things you can do personally to make sure our earth stays wonderfully wild:
- plant native flowers, grasses, trees and shrubs
- leave patches of your lawn un-mowed and un-raked for cover
- limit your use of pesticides
- learn about issues in your area that are affecting these critters – like the pipeline!
Some key benefits of native plants that you can use to sell your point; native plants:
- are low maintenance
- need less artificial fertilizer
- conserve water
- make your natural area a lot more entertaining when wildlife see what good you’re doing!
The importance of native plants really showed up on my radar when I was fortunate enough to be an intern at Huntley Meadows Park in Alexandria, Virginia. I heard of the internship from a friend who works at the park; she knew it would be something I would love! I am now a senior at Virginia Tech majoring in Wildlife Conservation with the aspirations to work with pollinators and herpetology. At Huntley Meadows, we provide a vast array of native plants for pollinators and friends to have a source of habitat! We practice controlled burns in select meadows to maintain the habitat along with controlling our invasives to our best abilities. The insects in these photos were my friends this summer!
Author and Photographer
Potowmack Chapter’s Sponsored Intern, Summer 2017
Editor’s Note: Many thanks to Tiffanie who took time out of her busy college schedule to get this post to us!
Links to resources:
Virginia Working Landscapes: Bumble Bees of Virginia http://www.vaworkinglandscapes.org/library/documents/VWL_handouts/Bumble_Bees_of_Virginia_Pamphlet_VWL.pdf
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Rusty Patched Bumble Bee
List of Plants Favored by the Rusty Patched Bumble Bee https://www.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/insects/rpbb/plants.html
Bee Basics: An Introduction to Our Native Bees (free downloadable brochure)
You’re Worrying About the Wrong Bees
Virginia’s Native Plant Nurseries
Fall Native Plant Sale List for Virginia